There are several benefits of using Medium Density Fibreboard. Medium density fibreboard is a type of fibreboard made by breaking down hardwood or softwood residual into wood fibres. It is an engineering wood that has found its application in various building materials.
In Nigeria, Medium Density Fibreboard is widely used by carpenters to construct furniture for clients due to its relatively cheaper cost.
In this article, we will describe all the benefits of using Medium Density Fibreboard, including its properties and applications.
Properties of Medium Density Fibreboard
Medium Density Fibreboard just like other fibreboard such as particle board and hard density fibreboard have similar properties, but they differ in their density and processing steps.
- Medium Density Fibreboard has a density between 500 and 900 kg m−3.
- It is made up of 82% wood fibre, 9% urea-formaldehyde resin glue, 8% water, and 1% paraffin wax.
Types of Medium Density Fibreboard
Medium Density Fibreboard can be categorized into three
- Ultralight MDF plate (ULDF)
- Moisture resistant is typically green
- Fire retardant MDF is typically red or blue
How to cut Medium Density Fibreboard
You should take extra caution when working with MDF. One precautionary method is to wear a respirator when sanding the panel to avoid inhaling the fine dust produced during cutting. It is best to cut it outdoors as it creates a lot of dust.
Benefits of using Medium Density Fibreboard for furnishing
Medium Density Fibreboard has several properties that make it an ideal material for furnishing and building. Here are some benefits of using Medium Density Fibreboard
- Is an excellent substrate for veneers
- Some varieties are less expensive than many natural kinds of wood
- Consistent in strength and size
- Shapes well
- Stable dimensions (less expansion and contraction than natural wood)
- Takes paint well
- Takes wood glue well
- High screw pull-out strength in the face grain of the material
Challenges of using Medium Density Fibreboard
While Medium Density Fibreboard has its obvious benefits, it also comes with some disadvantages. Here are some of them stated below;
- It is denser than plywood or chipboard.
- Low-grade MDF may swell and break when saturated with water
- It may warp or expand in humid environments if not sealed
- It may release formaldehyde, which is a known human carcinogen and may cause allergy, eye, and lung irritation when cutting and sanding.
- MDF dulls blades more quickly than many kinds of wood.
Getting quality Medium Density Fibreboard comes down to identifying credible retailers who offer quality products. Typically the prices range from N5600 to N14, 000 depending on the retailer. To ensure your MDF last long, you should apply Royalshine on the surface to protect and condition it.